Understanding the Different Types of Renewable Energy

The environmental issues posed by climate climate change have resulted in an increased demand to transition to cleaner, renewable energy alternatives.

By 2020 the UK will need to produce 30% of its electricity, 12% of heat and 10% fuel from renewable sources. In 2019 so far, the percentage of renewable energy used to power the UK is 37.4%. Here at Eversmart, our renewable electricity is sourced from 80% wind and 20% hydro energy.

Solar Energy

Solar power is one of the most popular and fastest-growing renewable energy sources. Solar panels require UV rays to work effectively, so even the cloudiest places on earth have proven to be excellent for producing solar power.

It’s a common misconception that only sunny places can benefit from solar energy, when in fact solar panels work well in cold climates, including snowy weather. However, the effectiveness of the PV system can be hindered when snow covers the panels.

Wind Energy

Wind energy is one of the most popular forms of energy and plays an increasingly important role in the way we power the world. The worldwide usage of wind energy is on the rise, as installation costs continue to fall. Wind farms continue to provide the UK’s highest energy percentage and in 2018, this power source accounted for 49.2% of the UK renewable energy consumption.

Kinetic energy is produced by air motion, which is used to produce electricity. The wind turbines then transform the kinetic energy into the energy we use to power our homes. The amount of power that’s harvested depends on how big the wind turbine, the bigger the turbine, the more energy is generated.

Wind

Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectricity is one of the lesser-known forms of renewable energy available to us in the UK. Energy is created using the power and movement of flowing or falling water, as the energy and strength of the water spins the turbines and in turn, generates electricity.

There are various sources of hydro energy, generated from both artificial and natural sources. However, the most commonly used sources are generated from run-of-the-river hydropower is generated using turbines located in rivers and tidal and offshore plants use tidal power to generate renewable electricity.

It’s been estimated that wave and run-of-the-river energy has the potential to deliver around 20 percent of the UK’s current electricity needs, however in 2018 hydro plants only accounted for 2.9% of the UK’s renewable energy use.

Running on 100% renewable energy

It’s predicted that the UK will move towards 100% renewable energy by 2050. The country will be powered entirely by the wind, solar and hydro energy sources. Some countries have already been successful in achieving 100% renewable energy sources including Iceland, Albania and Paraguay.

In order to achieve 100% renewable energy on a global-scale, everybody needs to make big, impactful changes, such as switching to a green energy provider. Political action, as well as full compliance from business leaders abroad is also required in order to fundamentally change the way that energy is generated.

To find out more information about the renewable electricity we supply, or to discuss our energy tariffs, contact us today or get a quote.

The Eversmart Family

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